Controlling dissolved O₂ and CO₂ levels are critical to power plant operation. Both gasses are corrosive and can negatively impact boiler performance and could lead to early piping or component failure. High carbon dioxide levels can increase the total ionic load in the water, reducing the effectiveness of ion exchange purification technologies.
Historically vacuum towers, decarbonators and chemical injection were common methods used to control gases in make-up and feedwater to power plants, Heat Recovery & Storage Generators (HRSGs) and other plants with hot water boiler systems for producing steam. However, these methods can be less efficient, require more maintenance and the handling of large volumes of chemicals.
Corrosion products can deposit and plug small process devices which may cause process heating control and water quality issues or could be transported back to the boiler in the recovered condensate contributing to boiler water conductivity. Injecting oxygen scavengers after the steam deaerator is also a common practice. Storing the scavengers on-site is hazardous. They can be expensive and may contribute to conductivity/TDS in the boiler water. Corrosion products transported to the boiler and using high volumes of chemicals could require higher blowdown rates leading to increased make up water use and higher energy losses. Additionally, fouling boiler heat exchange surfaces with corrosion products lowers operating efficiency and puts boiler tubes at risk of failure. Deaerating boiler feedwater with 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors can help protect capital equipment from corrosion and pitting.
Oxygen removal down to 1ppb can be achieved with properly designed membrane contactor systems. Compared to a typical vacuum tower or steam deaerator that can achieve 7ppb, 3M products help reduce the amount of oxygen scavenger used during normal operations and alleviate the need for high dosing when the deaerator is not available. Because the achievable oxygen levels are low with Liqui-Cel membrane contactors, the steam deaerator can be used as a feedwater preheater and storage instead of venting off the steam. A plant can realize significant cost savings by reducing the deaerator vent rate.
Lowering dissolved CO₂ levels reduces the total ionic load in the water, enhancing the effectiveness of ion exchange purification technologies. This enables a power plant to reduce the frequency of ion exchange resin bed regeneration cycles and increase the service life of deionization equipment, which may save time and cost. Plants using caustic to adjust pH in reverse osmosis (RO) systems may be able to use these gas transfer membrane in lieu of caustic adjustment to help reduce chemical use in the plant. Liqui-Cel membrane contactors used for deaeration can reliably achieve very low dissolved gas concentrations and can operate without chemicals compared to alternative degassing methods. In mobile water treatment systems with limited available space, Liqui-Cel membrane contactors can be an ideal option.
EXF Series Datasheets
6x28 Product Drawings
8x20, 8x40 and 8x80 Product Drawings
10x28 Product Drawings
14x28 Product Drawings
14x40 Product Drawings
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